Are you looking for new interesting facts about mars? Then we have you covered with this page. We collected the most interesting facts about Mars and put them in one place. Mars is a fascinating planet with so many things to discover about it that you won’t get bored. If you are thinking, “I was born on Mars!” then see if your answer is on the list of facts below.
Interesting Facts About Mars
1. Largest Canyon In Our Solar System
The largest canyon in our solar system lies at the south pole of the red planet. We’ve only seen it through images taken from orbit, however, with Mars’ atmosphere too thin to let us see features as small as the one captured in this panorama. NASA’s HiRISE and Context Camera on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter released this high-resolution mosaic in December. It features images captured by the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter’s Context Camera and shows a canyon formation at the south pole of Mars, the largest canyon in the solar system.
2. Mars was formed 4.5 billion years ago
Mars once had an ocean that was 3 times as wide as Earth’s. But when early Mars was struck by heavyweights such as its neighbours Venus and Earth, tidal waves caused the Earth to flood alluvial regions between the ocean and the present-day sea bed. The resulting Mars was much less hospitable and had an atmosphere that was 25% thinner than Earth’s. With more water evaporating each day than Mars could produce, what little atmosphere there was quickly stripped away by solar ultraviolet radiation.
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3. The winds on Mars can go as high as 200km an hour
Mars has a strong wind all the way from pole to pole, and its strongest winds reach speeds of up to 200 kilometers an hour (125 mph). The height of these winds on Mars may be as much as 2 kilometres (1 mile) above the surface. This makes Mars one of the most Atmospheric Planets in the whole Solar System.
4. Mars has a gravity of 3.7 millimeters per per second squared
Mars has a gravitational pull that is 3.7 millimeters per second squared. This means that if you stood on Mars and jumped 100 feet high, you would fall roughly 4 kilometres – just over a mile – before landing. And yes, this would be a painful experience for you. This is because the distance between Earth and Mars varies widely.
5. Russia and America sent probes to mars in the 1960s
It is not often in history that we discover a planet that has inhabitants as different from ourselves as humans are from apes. Mars differs from Earth in many ways: it has the largest surface area, its atmosphere is thick, its rotations are irregular (not like Earth), it has water ice at its poles and an unexplored interior with pockets of very intense heat. Russia sent two spacecraft to Mars in the 1960s, but both failed to return any information.
6. Plains of Sulphur dioxide have been discovered on mars
Mars, the red planet, has a lot of interesting facts about it. The planet has different seasons and winds that can cause large changes in weather. There are two regions on mars that are constant regions of high heat and sulfur dioxide. There is an area high in liquid water and red craters found within the southern highlands of Mars. Mars also has an atmosphere composed almost entirely of nitrogen and oxygen.
7. Mars name originates from the Roman God of war
Mars is named by Roman poet Ovid after the Roman god of war and rulers. Roman art contains masks depicting Mars with his transvestite helmet, which is dressed in a robe reaching down to his knees. This suggests that the name Mars was originally named War or War God. The Ovidian name translates to Mars War God. Mars was considered to be one of the most powerful Gods in Roman mythology.
8. On mars, it’s summer for 4 months and winter for 4 months
Mars has seasons just like Earth. It is cold during winter although temperatures can reach -70 degrees Fahrenheit in the polar regions. In spring, Mars is closer than Earth and appears much larger than it really is. In summer, Mars is further from Earth but close enough for routine navigation with a small thruster package on mars for humans.
9. Mars does not have a solid surface
Mars does not have a solid surface – the Red Planet is made up of a mixture of dust, sand and tiny particles of rock and ice. Scientists have found that Mars has chlorine atoms stuck to its surface due to acid rain – possibly explaining why the planet has a slightly acidic atmosphere compared to Earth. Even so, carbon dioxide levels continue to increase and the atmosphere as a whole is thought to be less toxic than on Earth. Surely these facts shouldn’t diminish the excitement for exploring Mars.
10. Mars has two moons
Mars has two different moons. One of them (named Phobos) orbits the red planet and shows a slight variations in color due to its proximity to Mars. It is approximately 684 million miles from Earth. The other moon is Deimos, accounting for 30% of Earth’s gravity and having a diameter of 923 miles.
- NASA’s Mars Exploration Program
- Overview | Mars – NASA Solar System Exploration
- Mars | Facts, Surface, Temperature, & Atmosphere | Britannica
I can bet that you were a bit surprised by these interesting facts about mars, right? I think that from next time whenever you look at Mars, you’ll see it in a different light!